1321 / Hand hygiene and animal assisted interventions

ITALY
Classification of the PSP
Type of Patient Safety Practice Not Evaluated
 
Clinical Practice (CP)
Related practices from PaSQ database
"Best fit" category of the reported practice
Hand hygiene
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Topic of the reported practice
Patient safety system
Aim and the benefit of the Patient Safety Practice
 
Hand Hygiene and Animal Assisted Interventions: adequate measures must be taken to prevent zoonoses. Professionals must ensure that the animals receive a routine health evalutation by a licensed veterinarian at least once a year regarding appropriate parasite prevention and screening for specific, potentially zoonotic microorganisms. Safety and Animal Assisted Interventions: adequate measures must be taken to prevent bites.
Description of the Patient Safety Practice
 
Animal Assisted Therapies employ pets with precise requirement and have therapeutic, re-habilitation, educational, ludic and recreational value. They are aimed at children, disabled, eldery people with physical, neuromotor, mental and psychic disorders, but also to healthy person. They need prior authorization by general practitioners and specialists; or in the event of use for non-therapeutic purposes require the signing of a release. All the Animal Assisted Interventions will have to ensure adeguate measures for the prevention of zoonoses (IAIAHO, 2014). Social Hand Washing of Patients and Healthcare Workers before and after touching pets appears to be an effective method to prevent the spread of infection from animals to man. Hand Hygiene is a generic term to indicate any action taken to remove microorganisms with a disinfectant (for example alcohol) or with soap and water ( AHRQ, 2013). It is necessary (based on WHO Recommandations) to wash hands with soap and water when hands are visibly dirty and after contact with any body fluids, like blood, urine, vomit or after using the toilet. The pets used in the Animal Assisted Intervention (AAI) should be washed no more than 24 hours before entering in the Care Setting. The environment is also important, along with the prompt collection/elimination of urine/feces just issued. During the sessions the kit for the removal of the dejections of the pets (for example ecological scoop, absorbing papers, running water, detergents,...)must be always available.
Attachment of relevant written information and/or photos, as appropriate
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Effectiveness of the Patient Safety Practice
 
Degree of implementation of reported practice
Yes, partly
Level of implementation of reported practice
Team level
Specific and measurable outcome for the reported practice were defined
Yes
A baseline measurement before implementation of the reported practice was obtained
No
A measurement after full implementation of the reported practice was obtained
Not known
Evaluation of a "positive" effect of the reported practice on Patient Safety
Effect not known or the intervention has not yet been evaluated
Type of before-and after evaluation
There is no specified text here
Enclosure of a reference or attachment in case of published evaluation's results
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Health care context where the Patient Safety Practices was implemented
 
Disability service
Transferability
 
Successful implementation of this Patient Safety Practice in other health care settings than above stated
Yes
Specification of implementation in another health care setting(s)
Hospital
Successful implementation's level  of this Patient Safety Practice across settings
Yes, across multiple local/national health systems
Involved health care staff
 
Physicians
Nurses
Health care assistants
Therapists
Social workers
Scientific staff / researchers
Clinical manager
Risk manager
Other or not relevant
Patient Involvement
 
Direct service user's involvement as integral part of this Patient Safety Practice
Yes
Specification of the service users or their representatives' involvement in the implementation of this Patient Safety Practice
Patient(s)
Relative(s)
Other
Point of time in which service user or their reprasentatives' involvement takes place
During the implementation of the Patient Safety Practices
Active seeking of service users' opinion, feedback, experience, etc. as integral part of this Patient Safety Practice
Yes
Short description of the service users' level of involvement
Collaboration, such as co-designing a Patient Safety Practice or active partnership in implementation
Public accessibility of information regarding this Patient Safety Practice to patients and citizens/service users
No
List of sources where public information is accessible
There is no specified text here
Implementation of the Patient Safety Practice
 
Existing collaboration with other countries or international organisations related to implementation of this Patient Safety Practice
Not known or not relevant
Problems encountering in the implememntation course of this Patient Safety Practice like lack of motivation, no management support, etc.
Yes
List of the most prevelent difficulties encuntered during implementation of this Patient Safety Practice
Lack of knowledge on implementation strategies
List of the most prevalent drivers for a successful implemetation of this Patient Safety Practice
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Use of any specific incentives to enhance motivation while implementing this Patient Safety Practice
No
Description of used incentives, if any.
There is no specified text here
Existence of support or approval by the clinical or hospital management or any other hihg level authority in the implementation process of this Patient Safety Practice
Not known
Costs of the Patient Safety Practices
 
Completion of cost calculation related to this Patient Safety Practice
No
Total number of person days required to implement this Patient Safety Practice
Clinical staff: There is no specified text here
External consultants: There is no specified text here
Support staff: There is no specified text here
Managerial staff: There is no specified text here
Others: There is no specified text here
Not relevant: There is no specified text here
Total number of person days required for training as preparation for implementation of this Patient Safety Practice
Clinical staff: There is no specified text here
External consultants: There is no specified text here
Support staff: There is no specified text here
Managerial staff: There is no specified text here
Others: There is no specified text here
Not relevant: There is no specified text here
Total cost in Euro of specific equipment (machines, software, communications supplies, etc.) needed to support implementation of this Patient Safety Practice
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Associated cost with a work reduction or foregoing in order to deliver this Patient Safety Practice
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Contact information
 
Name: Alda Paoletti
Country: ITALY
Organisation: Master in pet therapy Universita degli Studi di Trieste- Dip. Scienze mediche, chirurgiche e della salute
E-mail: aldapaoletti@gmail.com
Phone: There is no specified text here
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